发布时间:2014-10-03 来源: (www.hunanhr.cn)


将来时练习题及答案 1. By the end of this year ,I ____enough money for a holiday.( C ) A will save B will be saving C will have saved D have saved 2. I have been studying here for four years,by next summer _D___-. A shall graduate B shall be graduated C shall be graduating D shall have graduated 3. I hope her health _______greatly by the time we come back next year.( D ) A improves B improved C will be improved D will have improve 4. “Are yougoing to Richard”s birthday party?? “Yes.By then I ______my homework..” ( C ) A had finished B will have finished C would have finished D finished 5. I suppose by the time I come back in ten years? time all these old house______down.( A A will have been pulled B will be pulling C will have pulled D will be pulled 6. I hope that they _A_____the road by the time we come back. A will have repaired B would have repaired C have repaired D had repaired ) 1.选 C,by the end of this year, 是表示将来的状语,主句表示在将来以前完 成的动作,故应用将来时. 2.选 D.by next summer 是表示将来的状语, 主句表示在将来以前的动 作,故应用将来时. 3.选 D,by the time 引出的是状语分句,分句中用的 come 用现在时,表示将来概念,相 当于表示将来的状语,主句谓语动词表示在将来某一时刻以前必定,应该 用将来时.选 A,句子中带有表示将来的状语分句,故应该用与将来时的时 态.也选 C ,improve 在该句中作”好转”,”变得”解,为不及物动词,用被动语态时 错误的. 4.B 5.A 6.A .By the time you arrive in London, we B in Europe for two weeks. A shall stay B will have stayed C have stayed D have been staying 答案 B 2 By the year 2010,scientists probably C a cure for cancer. A will be discovering B are discovering C will have discovered D have discovered 答案 C By the year 2010 是表示将来的状语,主句表示在以前的动作,故用将 来时. 3 Before long, he A all about the matter. A will have forgotten B forget C have forgotten D forgot 答案 A 4 I am sure he A the difficulties before you arrive there. A will have settled B settled C had settled D settle 答案 A before you arrive there. 是表示将来的状语,主句表示在以前 的动作,故用将来时. 练习二 1. By the summer, Elizabeth______ here for ten years . A. will work B. works C. will have worked D. has worked 2. I. hope you______ the instructions ready before I come tomorrow A. to get B. shall get C. will get D. will have gotten . 3. No sooner_______ than the accident happened. A. he had gone B. had he gone C. his going D. he went 4. Hardly______ when the bus suddenly pulled away. A. they had got to the bus stop B. had they got to the bus stop C. did they get to the bus stop D. they got to the bus stop 5. Mother doesn't know much time I have spent in watching TV;

if she ever found out ,I'm sure_______. A. she'd never forgive me B. she never forgive me C. she'll never forgive me D. she does never forgive me 6. As soon as he______ his error, Rockfeller made the necessary corrections to his data collected. A. discovered B. has discovered C. discovers D. had discovered 7. I _______meeting you ever since we parted. A. was looking forward to B. have been looking forward to C. had been looking forward to D. looked forward to 8. Where have you been? What _____ ? A. did you do B. have you been doing C. have made D. were you doing 9. She has been studying here for five years and by the end of next summer she _____. A. will graduate B. will be graduating C. will be graduated D. will have graduated 10. When you come tonight at eight o’clock, I _____ eight lessons. A. would review B. shall review C. shall have reviewed D. shall be reviewing 11. “Are Alice and Tom still living in New York?” “No, they _____ to Dallas.” A. are just moved B. have just moved C. had just moved D. will just move 12. I haven’t heard from Maria_____. A. since a long time B. for many months ago C. for many months D. since many months before 13. His grandfather ______ for thirty years. A. died B. was dead C. has been dead D. has died 14. It’s(high)time you _____ a holiday. A. had B. have C. will have D. have had 15. By the time Juan gets home, his aunt _____ for Puerto Rico. A. will leave B. leaves C. will have left D. left 16. All the machines _____by the end of the following week. A. were repaired B. will be repaired C. have been repaired D will have been repaired 17. The conference _____ a full week by the time it ends.A. must have lastedB. will have lastedC. would lastD. has lasted 语法练习 1 答案 1 . C 将来时态。

By 指:到为止。

2 . D 将来时态。

tomorrow 表示将来, get the instructions (指令,指示)动 作在我回来之前

3 . B “no sooner??than??”( 刚 ?? 就 ??) ,在 no sooner 这应当用 时, than 后面用时。

A , B 时态,怎么选择? No sooner 的 特殊用法,在其后面跟倒装语序,选 B 。

4 .B hardly??when??( 一 ?? 就 ??) , hardly 后应当用时, when 后面用时。

hardly 的特殊用法,在其后面跟倒装语序,选 B 。

5 . A 将来时态。

Forgive 原谅, She’d 于:

she would. 妈妈不知道我看电 视花费了多长她知道的话,我相信她将永远不会原谅我。

6. D 时态。

错误动作在纠正数据那个动作之前,而改正数据的 动作用的是时态,的动作就用时态。

error 错误。

correction 改正,是名词。

data 数据。

7. B 现在时态。表示渴望见你动作从一直延续到现在以至于将来。

look forward to 渴望,想要 ?? 。

ever since 自从 ?? 。

8 . B 现在时态。上下句来识别时态。

9 . D 将来时态。

by the end of next summer 为信号词。

10 . C 将来时态。

Review 温习,复习。

11. B 现在时态。说话的时候,他已搬走。

12 . C 我好几个月 Maria 的消息了。

现在时态, for 状语。

13 . C 现在时态。他的祖父去世三十年了。这里死亡表示状态,而 理解为动作,死亡是短暂性动词,它不持续三十年。用 has been dead 。

14 . A It’s(high)time (是 ?? 的时候了)的特殊用法,要用时态。

Have 在 句中是拥意思。

15 .C 将来时态。

Leave for 离开地方到另地方去, By the time 信号 词。

16 .D 将来时态。

by the end of 到 ?? 为止,句中状语从 句为将来是用将来时。答案 B , D 选取哪个?机器( machines )是被修的, 用被动语态。显然, D 为答案。

17. B 译文:会议从开始到结束,将持续整整星期。本句是将来时的用法。到将来 某时(会议结束)之前业已的动作(last) ,用将来时。


The Passive 1.被动语态的构成 现在 范畴 范畴 现在时 am/is/are made 现在时 am/is/are being made 现在时 has/have been made 时 was/were made 时 was/were being made 时 had been made 将来时 shall/will be made 将来时 shall/will have been made 将来时 should/would be made 将来 范畴 将来完 should/would have been made 成时 2. The uses of the passive. 1) 动作的发出者不必说出,不宜说出或 的所指. e.g.会议已被推迟. The meeting has been put off. e.g.书是为中学生写的. Such books are written for middle students. e.g.据说警方将调查此事. It is said that the police will look into the matter. e.g.问题正在会上. The question is being discussed at the meeting. 2). 所描述的意义以动作的承受者为中心,此时 如有必要可用by短语引出动作的者. e.g.汽车受到严重损坏. The car was seriously damaged. e.g.她受到所有人的喜爱. She is liked by all of us. e.g. My neighbour’s son damaged my roses.(强调是“谁”毁坏了玫瑰) My roses are damaged.(强调玫瑰“被 毁坏”动作) 3.带有直接宾语和间接宾语的句子变被动语态 有两种. His teacher gave him a book. A book was given to him by his teacher. He was given a book by his teacher. 4.含有复合宾语的句子的被动语态. He painted the table green. The table was painted green. We asked the teacher to explain the sentence again. The teacher was asked to explain the sentence again. 5.含有被动意义的语态. She is to blame. The house is to rent. Food can keep fresh in a fridge. The pen writes smoothly. The knife cuts well. The house was worth decorating. The cloth feels soft. The cake tastes good. An award of bravery is being made. She was being shown around New York at 10 yesterday morning. I have been asked to talk about how the company started up at the conference. It is said that she is one of the greatest living writers. She is said to be one of the greatest living writers. It was believed by the police that the escaped prisoner was somewhere around the prison. The escaped prisoner was believed to be somewhere around the prison. The roofs of many houses have been blown off by strong winds in the area. A press conference will be held tomorrow afternoon. The new library will be opened to the public soon. The bus driver was being questioned by the policeman when I turned on the TV this afternoon. The movie is being translated into several foreign languages at present.


高 中 语 法 2011.11.12 高中语法—— 分类 将来时 【用法】 将来时表示在某个看来将要发 生的动作或的状态。即:将来时是“ ,着眼未来”的时态, 常用于宾语从句中 判断时态的依据是:要有表示的 “动作”,而。 I heard that they were going to return to Shanghai soon. 我听说不久要回到上海。 将来时——结构 句子构成:

①主语+would/should + 动词原形 Should主要用于主语是人称时;would可用于各 种人称 例句:He said he would go to the cinema tonight. Mary told me she would go abroad next year. I said I should learn French this year. 将来时——结构 句子结构:

② 主语+was/were going to + 动词原形 例句:No one knew when he was going to come. 人知道他时候来。

She said she was going to start off at once. 她说她将立即。 将来时——结构 ③ come, go, leave, arrive, start等动 , , , , 等动 词可用时代替将来时。

词可用时代替将来时。 He said the train was leaving at six the next morning. 他说火车将于天早晨六点离开。 ④ 条件状语从句和状语从句中须用时代 替将来时。

将来时。 The teacher said that it would be very difficult to make progress if I didn’t work hard. 老师说,我不努力学习的话,就很难取 得进步。 现在时 句子结构: 主语+have(has)+been+动词-ing 其表达的意思有两种:1.表示从 某时开始一直持续到现在的动作,并 且还将持续下去。2.表示在说话时刻 之前到现在正在的动作。 现在时 (一)表示从某时开始一直持续到现在的动 并且还将持续下去。

作,并且还将持续下去。 例句:The Chinese have been making paper for two thousand years 有2000年的造纸历史。(动作还将下去) (二)表示在说话时刻之前到现在正在的动作。

表示在说话时刻之前到现在正在的动作。 例句:We have been waiting for you for half an hour. 等你半个钟头了(人还没到,如同在电话里说 的,还会等) 将来时 概念:将来时用来表示在将来某一时 间以前或一直持续的动作。 句子结构: ①主语+shall+have+分词用于人称。

②will+have+分词用于人称 表示在将来某一之前已的动作,并往往对将来某一时 间产生。 例句:

例句:We shall have learned 12 units by the end of this term. 到学期末,将学完12个单元 个单元。

学期末,将学完 个单元。

By the time you get home I will have cleaned the house from top to bottom. 你到家之前我将把房子彻底打扫一遍。


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